Geoinformation technologies in historical and geographical research began to be applied at the Institute of World History RAS in 2012. That year, several GIS-projects started or received continuation at the Institute. Foundation of a special Laboratory (on June 1, 2015) postulates the importance of historical geoinformatics in historical studies. It is necessary to admit that the community of domestic scholars makes little use not only of the achievements of modern GIS-technologies, but also of the international experience in historical geographical geoinformatics. It is important to get the wide circles of scholars engaged in humanities in this country acquainted with the useful functions of GIS in the sphere of education and for inquiry.
Notable increase in a number of experts who are actively using GIS as a tool will never happen before the significant increase in a number of historians who are addressing the available GIS-projects via the Internet as consumers of information. To become an expert means to master specific and quite difficult skills. To become a consumer of information assumes only learning how to use the open electronic resources. That is why the prospect of an on-line publication of more and more historical GIS-projects and the familirization with them of scholars’ community seems to be strategically important for the years to come. Work on this prospect is one of the most important activities of our Laboratory, along with the use of GIS-technologies for the analysis of "geographical" information of historical sources and the development of special historical GIS-projects.
- development of algorithms for the application of geoinformation technologies in historical and geographical studies
- integration of historical data in the GIS space
- development of the concept of national historical GIS as a technology platform that combines research efforts of specialists in various fields of historical knowledge